Development of painting during the Mughal period.

Painting of Mughal Empire

The Mughals made a special contribution in the field of painting. Mughal painting was largely influenced by the Persian school of painting, which, in turn, was influenced by Chinese, ancient Indian, Buddhist, Bactrian, and Mongolian influences. Before the advent of Mughal painting, ancient Indian painting existed mostly in the form of mural paintings. The portraiture … Read more

Regulation of currency during Akbar’s reign.

currency during Akbar's reign

During the early years of his reign, Akbar adopted the currency system of his predecessors and made only nominal modifications, such as (a) the insertion of his name, (b) titles, (c) place, and (d) year of mintage on his coins. His mints were in charge of minor officers called chaudharis, and there was little coordination … Read more

Describe the growth of architecture under the Mughals.

Mughal Architecture

The Mughal Empire has earned universal praise for its architectural achievements. Its buildings combine strength with refinement and delicacy. It has been rightly said that “the Mughals built like Titans and finished like jewelers.” The Mughals brought with them the Turko-Iranian cultural traditions, which were amalgamated with Indian traditions to form the composite Mughal culture. … Read more

Female education during the Mughal period

Female Education during the Mughal period

The accounts given by foreign travelers show that two Muslim legal schools, Hanafi and Shafi, were formed during the reign of the Abbasids. These schools differed greatly in their approach and outlook. According to the Hanafi school, education is the means to achieve intellectual understanding of God, while the Shafi school held that education is … Read more

The Gupta Period: Golden Age of Ancient India

Gupta period

The foundation of Gupta power by Chandragupta I seems to have brought the middle Ganga valley and the region around Pataliputra back into the political limelight. During the rule of the Kushanas, the seat of power was Mathura in the Ganga-Yamuna doab. This shift of geopolitical focus is particularly important as the Guptas, firmly rooted … Read more

Write about the nature of polities and their social origins in South India with reference of Puranic and Epigraphic sources.

Write about the nature of polities and their social origins in South India with reference of Puranic and Epigraphic sources.

To understand the nature of polities and the social origins of the ruling families that emerged in peninsular India, it is necessary to complete the evidence from inscriptions with Puranic material. The importance of epigraphic sources, which are increasingly available from the 4th century AD and become more numerous in the early medieval period, has … Read more

Give an account of the Tripartite struggle among the Palas, Rashtrakutas, and Gujara-Pratiharas. What was its historical significance?

Early Medieval age: Tripartite struggle

There was a triangular struggle for the control of the Ganga-Yamuna Doab and the adjoining lands between the Pratiharas of Jalor, the Palas of Bengal, and the Rashtrakutas of the Deccan from the 8th to the 10th century. The absence of prominent rulers like Harsha had created a power vacuum in North Indian politics. Taking … Read more

Write about Harsha’s rule and what was his relation with Sasanka?

Write about Harsha's rule and what was his relation with Sasanka?

Harsha ascended the throne of his ancestral Kingdom of Thaneswar in 606 AD. The immediate task that confronted Harsha was to recover Rajyasree, his widowed sister. Harshavardhana was one of the prominent Indian emperors in the 7th century AD who expanded his empire from Punjab, central India to Bengal and Orissa in the east. Harsha … Read more